Monthly Archives: February 2015

What Is Krokodil & Why Do People Use It?

Krokodil made its first appearance in Russia in 2002. This relatively new drug has since spread throughout that country and the first reports of it reaching the United States appeared in the press in 2013. There are a number of substances that are both addictive and have the potential to cause serious physical damage to the body, but this one is in a league all its own.

About Krokodil

What Is Krokodil - Why Do People Use It - The Dunes OPKrokodil is also known by its medical name, desomorphine. Users and sellers manufacture it at home by taking codeine and cooking it with gasoline, paint thinner, hydrochloric acid (muriatic acid), lighter fluid and other ingredients. The highly dangerous and toxic liquid is then injected directly into a vein.

A Krokodil high lasts from an hour-and-a half to two hours. Mixing up a batch of the drug takes about a half hour. Addicts don’t do much other than get the ingredients, cook up batches, inject it, and then repeat the process.

Side Effects Of Krokodil Use

Using this drug causes the skin to turn a scaly, green color around the area where it has been injected. It takes its name from the Russian word for “crocodile.”

With repeated use, an addict will see smelly, infected sores, as well as ruptured blood vessels. The skin and muscle tissue will rot from the inside out. In extreme cases, bones can be seen through gaping holes in the skin.

Krokodil use can also cause permanent brain damage, which will result in both spastic movements and speech impediments. When combined with the skin symptoms, this side effect has led some people to call it the “zombie drug.”

Some krokodil users think that they have the means to filter the harmful chemicals out of the mixture before injecting it, leaving it relatively “safe. “ This is not the case. Even trace amounts of these chemicals in the bloodstream can cause hazardous damage to the body.

After Knowing All This, Why Do People Still Use Krokodil?

The main reason an addict would turn to krokodil is that it is very cheap compared to heroin. The ingredients to make a batch of krokodil can be obtained very easily.

Unfortunately, like heroin, getting off krokodil is very difficult. Once the high ends after about two hours, painful withdrawal symptoms start. They can last over a month, unlike heroin, whose withdrawal symptoms last about seven days.

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The Relationship Between Stress And Substance Abuse

People define stress in their own ways because the causes of stress can differ on an individual basis. Stress can come in both mild and severe forms. Severe forms of stress can cause health problems and lead to substance abuse. It’s important to manage stress the best way possible to prevent health and relationship complications.

Common Stress Triggers

There are several things that can factor into causing stress. Everyone is different, but here are some common causes:

  • Work issues
  • Relationship issues
  • Poor health
  • Death of a close loved one
  • Substance abuse
  • Legal issues
  • Financial issues

Stress And Substance Abuse: Their Dysfunctional Relationship

Studies have shown that stress and substance abuse can be linked. When someone suffers with chronic stress, it causes changes in the brain which can trigger addiction. The same goes for a recovering addict, relapse due to stress is a common denominator in a lot of relapses.

Stress and substance abuse also coincide in situations where someone uses drugs or alcohol to overpower their stress symptoms. Self-medicating with drugs or alcohol is common in those who suffer with chronic stress and believe the substance is helping them “escape”. In reality, the substance abuse is going to make things worse by damaging health and causing addiction.

Substance abuse can also make stress symptoms a lot worse. During the time of using the substance, individuals may feel relieved from their symptoms. Instead of helping solve the problem, they are covering up their feelings. The more they cover up their symptoms from the stress, the more damage they are causing to their health which can lead to even more stress. Substance abuse can also damage close relationships which may lead them to use more. It’s a constant revolving door that never helps the situation and makes things worse.

Effective Stress Coping Techniques

It is nearly impossible to prevent stress from happening in daily life, but it is possible to cope with it in healthy ways. Here are some ways to cope with stress instead of using:
 
Sress And Substance Abuse - TheDunesEastHamptonOP.com

Meditation

This technique allows people to understand their thoughts in a mind state beyond typical awareness. By focusing thoughts and awareness, individuals can re-focus their thoughts to be more positive and content. With this steady focus, people can easily reduce the amount of stress they’re experiencing with the right guidance and support.

Yoga

Yoga is a great technique which helps quiet the mind, relax muscle tension, and creates balance. This technique helps bring more awareness to how people are feeling, while relaxing the mind and body at the same time.

Exercise

Exercise helps make people feel better both physically and mentally. It actually releases chemicals in the body that cause people to feel good.

Talk To Someone

It can relieve a lot of stress just by expressing emotions to someone. Whether that person is a therapist, close friend, or family member, just getting out feelings can lead to reduced stress and relaxation.

The Dunes offers outpatient therapy options to help cope with stress and substance abuse. We make everyone comfortable with our luxurious surroundings and private facilities.

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Drinking-Age Celebrations Can Lead To Dangerous Binge Drinking

Underage drinking is not a new phenomenon. Young people have been indulging in alcohol before it is legal for years. The problem however, is continuing to rise over time, and the results of several studies have revealed that binge drinking for young people tends to peak during the week that they celebrate the birthday when they turn the legal drinking age.

Definition Of Binge Drinking

Binge drinking is drinking to the point of becoming intoxicated. Men reach this point when they have five drinks in one sitting and women binge drink when they have four or more drinks in one sitting. At any point in time, 40 percent of US college-aged students will have engaged in binge drinking within the prior two weeks (National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse).

Canadian Drinking-Age Celebrations Study Results

Drinking-Age Celebrations Stats on Dangerous Binge Drinking - DunesOPThe results of a Canadian study published in the journal Addiction in July 2014 looked at all in-patient/Emergency Department admissions in Ontario, Canada from April 1, 2002-March 31, 2007. The participants in the study were individuals between the ages of 12-30 years of age.

The largest increases in admissions for Alcohol-Use Disorder (AUD) occurred during the birthday week the participants turned 19 years of age, which happens to be the legal drinking age in Ontario. Admission rates increased by over 110 percent over baseline for males and over 160 percent over baseline for females!

Another spike in admissions occurred for both genders during the birthday weeks when survey participants turned ages 20-22. This makes sense from a lifestyle point of view; young people in this age group could be binge drinking and needing medical attention during their “birthday weeks.”

As the participants aged, less pronounced spikes were noted as participants reached ages 23-26 years and 30 years. It’s interesting to note that the spikes in hospital admissions during “birthday weeks” still exist up to age 30, which means that binge drinking to celebrate a birthday doesn’t stop by the mid-twenties for all adults.

Dangers Of Binge Drinking

Binge drinking can lead to a number of injuries, including burns, falls, motor vehicle accidents and drownings. People who binge drink are at risk for being the victims of crime as well as having a heart attack, contracting a sexually transmitted disease or developing high blood pressure.

Frequent binge drinking puts participants at risk for alcoholism. This chronic disease requires professional treatment if the person is going to achieve sobriety, as he or she would not be able to stop independently.

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